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How to start a Profitable Poultry Farming Business – Step by step

This article is about how to start a profitable Poultry Farming business, which is a continuation of our recent article about how to start poultry farming or business.

Poultry is a common word or language used by many people in different places which is describes as domestic fowls including turkeys, chicken, geese and ducks.

Poultry Farming is the form of animal husbandry a branch of agriculture which deals with the raising of domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese in large or small quantities for commercial purposes to produce meat or egg or feather to make profit.

How to start a profitable poultry farming explained

To start a poultry farm, certain steps must be taken and facilities must be acquired to ensure a safe and profitable business.
First and foremost, the necessary step when considering to start a poultry farm is to acquire the knowledge of Poultry birds.

Knowledge Acquisition for a profitable poultry farming business:

Learn poultry Farming from the nearest poultry farm. This is to know how to take good care of the birds in terms of feeding, what type of feed to be fed to the animals in appropriate stages or ages, best time to schedule feeding on a daily and best food for each breed of the birds, and treatment for vaccination and disease control.

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Secondly, decision needs to be made on the type of bird to be reared and it breed. The purpose a farmer wants to raise a particular bird would depend on the breed of that particular species of bird. For example, their are certain breeds of birds that are best for meat production only and some are good for egg production only.

TYPES OF BIRDS FOR POULTRY FARMING

Broilers:

This is a breed of bird (chicken) that is bred and raised specifically for meat production and it short time for development. Most commercial broilers reach slaughter weight between 12 and 14 weeks of age, while some fast breed reach slaughter weight at 5-7 weeks of age.

Layer (chicken):

This are special species of hens, which are bred and raised for the main purpose of egg production. They are raised from one day old chicken to the stage or age of laying 18 – 19 weeks of age, this stage is called “point of lay”. They remain laying eggs continuously till their 72 – 78 weeks of age.

Cockerel:

These are male chickens bred and raised for the purpose of their meat and feathers. They take a longer time to reach market size or slaughter weight of 5-6 months.

LOCATION

Another step or factor that needs to considered in setting up a poultry farm is a good location and shelter for the birds. A land needs to be acquired and this depends on the amount of birds that will be bred. Also, location must be a safe place for the birds to avoid thief and attacks from dangerous animals (predators) such as snakes and wild cats.

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Shelter must be well spaced and ventilated to allow free flow of air which reduces fast spread of diseases among birds, it must be well guarded to prevent intruders. Depending on the type of birds to be raised and their number, there are two types of poultry system.

Deep litter system:

This is an animal housing system, based on the repeated spreading of straw or sawdust material in indoor booths. An initial layer of litter is spread for the animals to use for bedding material and to defecate in, and as the litter is soiled, new layers of litter are continuously added by the farmer.

Cage system:

This is a housing system that involves the use of battery cages used for animal production methods, but primarily for egg – laying hens. The cages arrangements of rows and columns of identical cages connected together, in a unit.
Lastly, in the factors required, once the above discussed factors are put in place, then some poultry farming equipment can be purchased such as feeders, drinkers, perches, lighting system, heaters or brooders, then poultry birds are purchased.

The effect of poultry farming on development.

This includes the positive and the negative impact.

Advantages of poultry Farming.

Source of food: without poultry birds some food or nutrients would be missing on our diet list. For example, egg.
Source of income: poultry Farming a served as a main source of living for people in the rural and urban areas. Nations such as United States of America, Indonesia, Brazil, and China have benefitted from poultry farming and its products.

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Major Disadvantage of poultry Farming.

Environmental pollution: Poultry facilities are a source of odor and attract flies, rodents and other pests that create local nuisances and carry disease. Chicken production has devastating consequences on water quality, contributes to global climate change and harms natural habitat.

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I am Israel Otoijamun, the Founder of Ofarms.ng. I am a blogger, web and graphics designer, brand manager, product manager and farmer. I have interests in crypto currency, technology, business and agriculture.

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Israel Otoijamun

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